Kvemo Kartli occupies quite a vast territory of Georgia and is situated in the southeast part of the country. Metallurgical city of Rustavi built by Germans before the World War II belongs to Kvemo Kartli and is situated near Tbilisi. Bolnisi region, nowadays inhabited mostly by Azerbaijanis, is also very interesting. Until World War II, its name was Luxemburg region and was populated by German colonists – Swabian Germans. They turned this place into a European town. The Germans had organized breweries, a fire department and hunting clubs. There are well-preserved German vestiges of many villages in Kvemo Kartli: traditional houses, remains of Lutheran churches and cemeteries. The Sioni Basilica of Bolnisi belongs to the 4th-5th centuries and is one of the important monuments of Georgian architecture. Dmanisi region is very exceptional. Archeological excavations carried out at the site of the ancient city of Dmanisi in 1999 discovered crania of two hominids dating back to 1.7 million years and being the most ancient in whole Eurasia. Gardabani protected aria with its beautiful groves is hunters’ favorite place. Algeti protected area is also located in Kvemo Kartli and attracts trekkers with its magnificent nature and hiking passes. Among them is worth to visit remarkable monument of Birtvisi – a city-fortress built in the 13th century. Another amazing and magnificent site of Kvemo Kartli is a medieval city fortress of Samshvilde, preserving old buildings of different purposes of the old town, churches and even medieval streets of the city. Samshvilde, as well as many other sites of Kvemo Kartli preserves ancient, less-known megalithic monuments, buildings and menhirs, exciting megalith seekers from all over the world. The most important gold mine of the country is located near the village of Kazreti in Bolnisi region. Archeological excavations carried out within the territory of the mine confirmed that gold was extracted in the vicinity in the fourth millennium B.C.