Shida Kartli is situated in the central part of Georgia. The first Georgian kingdom called Iberia was formed on the territory of Shida Kartli. Archeological discoveries have proved that men lived in the territory as far back as the third millennium B.C. There are also tombs discovered in Shida Kartli, with bodies buried according to the Christian rules that belong to the 2nd and 3rd centuries. Although, it is acknowledged that country converted to Christianity in 337. Here we meet old pagan idols of Armazi, Gatsi and Gaimi. The capital of Shida Kartli used to be Mtskheta – UNESCO world heritage monument. The current capital of Georgia – Tbilisi – is also situated in

Shida Kartli

Shida Kartli is situated in the central part of Georgia. The first Georgian kingdom called Iberia was formed on the territory of Shida Kartli. Archeological discoveries have proved that men lived in the territory as far back as the third millennium B.C. There are also tombs discovered in Shida Kartli, with bodies buried according to the Christian rules that belong to the 2nd and 3rd centuries. Although, it is acknowledged that country converted to Christianity in 337. Here we meet old pagan idols of Armazi, Gatsi and Gaimi. The capital of Shida Kartli used to be Mtskheta – UNESCO world heritage monument. The current capital of Georgia – Tbilisi – is also situated in Shida Kartli. The region is rich in ancient monasteries and churches, hidden in deep forests or constructed on mountain slopes. Among them are worth to visit Svetitskhoveli Cathedral (11th century), UNESCO world heritage monument – Jvari Monastery (6th century), Shio Mghvime Monastery (6th century), Zedazeni Monastery (6th century), Anchiskhati Church of the 6th century, Kintsvisi Monastery (13th century), Samtavisi Monastery (10th-11th century) and much more. There are numerous ancient icons and frescoes preserved inside these monuments. Shida Kartli boasts with ancient cave city Uplistsikhe, constructed in the 6th-4th centuries B.C. and existing until the 13th century. The city consists of numerous buildings of different purposes; among them are vestiges of Zoroastrian temple and places of pagan sacrifices. Shida Kartli is also the motherland of a very famous Georgian dictator of the 20th century – Joseph Stalin. There is Stalin’s house-museum in the dictator’s home town of Gori.