Samtskhe-Javakheti consists of three geographical units, these are: Tori, Meskheti and Javakheti. Historical name of Borjomi gorge and its vicinity is called Tori. The city of Borjomi is Georgians beloved resort. It turned into a resort by the end of the 19th century, when it attracted interest of the Russian imperial family of the Romanovs. Borjomi is rich in acid mineral water, which is being exported around the world under the brand name of Borjomi. A narrow railway constructed in 1901 leads from Borjomi to the famous ski resort Bakuriani – rich in pine forests. The railway is 28 km long and passes the bridge designed by famous French architect Gustave Eiffel. Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park, rich in unique flora and fauna, is trekkers’ favorite place. From the park, the road leads to Meskheti, with absolutely different landscapes. The impregnable and mystical fortresses of Khertvisi, Tmogvi and Atskuri are located in Meskheti. As for Vardzia, the city carved in rock in the 12th century, is one of the most important monuments of medieval culture. Here must be mentioned three important monuments of Meskheti worth to visit: Sapari monastery (10th century), Zarzma Monastery (8th century) and Vani Caves (8th century). The south part of Meskheti is covered with rich woodlands, where balneological resort – Abastumani – is located. Near the townlet of Abastumani was the first soviet mountainous observatory founded in 1932. The moderate climate and rich woodlands turned Abastumani into a healthy resort, especially for those suffering from tuberculosis. Most part of Javakheti is located on a high volcanic plateau spread with lakes of different size. Here is an extinct volcano called Didi Abuli. The continental climate of Javakheti is very bleak and harsh. As the region lacks in forests, locals use sun-dried manure for heating. Javakheti is rich in ancient monuments and menhirs, especially in Cyclopean fortresses – massive dry walled strongholds. The giant fortresses of Shaori and Abuli are the best preserved ones. The local lakes of Javakheti are true treasure. These places are nests for hundreds of birds during the summer and winter and this diversity of bird species attracts birdwatchers from all over the world.