Kvemo Kartli occupies quite a vast territory of Georgia and is situated in the southeast part of the country. Metallurgical city of Rustavi built by Germans before the World War II belongs to Kvemo Kartli and is situated near Tbilisi. Bolnisi region, nowadays inhabited mostly by Azerbaijanis, is also very interesting. Until World War II, its name was Luxemburg region and was populated by German colonists – Swabian Germans. They turned this place into a European town. The Germans had organized breweries, a fire department and hunting clubs. There are well-preserved German vestiges of many villages in Kvemo Kartli: traditional houses, remains of Lutheran churches and cemeteries. The Sioni Basilica of Bolnisi belongs to the 4th-5th centuries and is one of the important monuments of Georgian architecture. Dmanisi region is very exceptional.