Republic of Georgia is situated in Caucasus, at the border of two continents: Europe and Asia. Because of geographical location, the Old Silk Road was crossing Georgia and connecting two continents.
Georgia is divided into nine geographical regions and two autonomic republics. Population of the country is approximately 3.7 million citizens, national currency – Georgian Lari.
Capital of Georgia is Tbilisi, population of which is approximately one million. Tbilisi is an ancient city with history starting from the fifth century A.D. Old capitals of Georgia are Kutaisi, mentioned in the myth about Argonauts and Mtskheta, being a former capital of early Georgian Kingdom Iberia.
State language of Georgia is Georgian. Among fourteen alphabets existing nowadays, one is Georgian alphabet – Anbani. The fact that Georgian early writings were highly advanced is proved by many historical evidence and archaeological discoveries.
Georgia is an orthodox country, where Christianity became an official religion in 337. The country encounters hundreds of churches, among them are UNESCO world heritage monuments. As far as country is also populated with nations of different religion and ethnics, here we meet mosques, synagogues, and Armenian and Russian churches.
Georgia has a rich ecosystem. While west border of the country is Black Sea and north – Caucasus mountain range, in southeast part we meet deserts. Country is affluent with rivers, lakes, caves, waterfalls and canyons. However, most of the part is mountainous.
The most significant part of the country is Caucasus Mountain range, attracting alpinists and trekkers from all over the world. Highest peaks of Caucasus are: Shkhara (5196 m), Janga (5059 m), Kazbegi (5047 m), Tetnuldi (4858 m) and Ushba (4710 m).
Georgia is a country of ancient history. Archaeological excavations taken place in Dmanisi uncovered parts of a human skeleton dating back to 1.8 million years ago, which are considered to be the oldest in whole Eurasia. There are lot of less known monuments of megalithic culture and petroglyphs in south part of Georgia, as well as in the north of the country.
Georgian folklore is exceptional, especially folk polyphonic music and folk dance. Georgians are proud of the fact, that polyphonic choral folk song “Chakrulo” was sent by NASA into space on the Voyager spacecraft in 1977. UNESCO recognized the song as an intangible cultural heritage of humanity in 2001.
Georgian cuisine with diverse and exotic dishes is a significant part of rich Georgian culture.
Georgian winemaking method in kvevri (clay pottery installed underground) is unique. Archaeological excavations has proved Georgian wine to be the oldest in the world with 8,000 years of history with no interruption of winemaking. UNESCO recognized this ancient method of winemaking as intangible cultural heritage of humanity in 2013. Georgia boasts more than 500 varieties of indigenous grapes – nearly one-sixth of the world’s grape varieties – including endangered vines found nowhere else on Earth. Georgia still produces significant amount of wine in kvevri according to the ancient Georgian method of winemaking.